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Gartner expected the whole mobile phone market to "reach two billion units in ", including Android. According to a Statistica 's estimate, Android smartphones had an installed base of 1. In the second quarter of , Android's share of the global smartphone shipment market was According to an April StatCounter report, Android overtook Microsoft Windows to become the most popular operating system for total Internet usage.

In September , Google announced that Android had 1. Despite its success on smartphones, initially Android tablet adoption was slow.

Android (operating system)

Due to the lack of Android tablet-specific applications in , early Android tablets had to make do with existing smartphone applications that were ill-suited to larger screen sizes, whereas the dominance of Apple's iPad was reinforced by the large number of tablet-specific iOS applications. This approach, such as with the Dell Streak , failed to gain market traction with consumers as well as damaging the early reputation of Android tablets. An exception was the Amazon Kindle Fire , which relied upon lower pricing as well as access to Amazon's ecosystem of applications and content.

As of the end of , over It can now be as integral to your mobile portfolio as Apple 's iOS devices are".

What's the deal with radar on a phone anyway? - CNET

Android 9. On tablets, Android 5. India at Australia, all Nordic and many other European countries, then in China, and Egypt. As of May [update] , In general, paid Android applications can easily be pirated. In , Google released a tool for validating authorized purchases for use within apps, but developers complained that this was insufficient and trivial to crack. Google responded that the tool, especially its initial release, was intended as a sample framework for developers to modify and build upon depending on their needs, not as a finished piracy solution.

The success of Android has made it a target for patent and copyright litigation between technology companies, both Android and Android phone manufacturers having been involved in numerous patent lawsuits and other legal challenges. On August 12, , Oracle sued Google over claimed infringement of copyrights and patents related to the Java programming language. They said that Android's Java runtime environment is based on Apache Harmony , a clean room implementation of the Java class libraries, and an independently developed virtual machine called Dalvik.

In December , Google announced that the next major release of Android Android Nougat would switch to OpenJDK , which is the official open-source implementation of the Java platform, instead of using the now-discontinued Apache Harmony project as its runtime.

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Code reflecting this change was also posted to the AOSP source repository. In , FairSearch , a lobbying organization supported by Microsoft, Oracle and others, filed a complaint regarding Android with the European Commission , alleging that its free-of-charge distribution model constituted anti-competitive predatory pricing. On October 16, , Google announced that it would change its distribution model for Google Mobile Services in the EU, since part of its revenues streams for Android which came through use of Google Search and Chrome were now prohibited by the EU's ruling.


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Google Search will be licensed separately, with an option to include Google Chrome at no additional cost atop Search. European OEMs are able to bundle third-party alternatives on phones and devices sold to customers, if they so choose. OEMs will no longer be barred from selling any device running incompatible versions of Android in Europe. In addition to lawsuits against Google directly, various proxy wars have been waged against Android indirectly by targeting manufacturers of Android devices, with the effect of discouraging manufacturers from adopting the platform by increasing the costs of bringing an Android device to market.

Google has publicly expressed its frustration for the current patent landscape in the United States, accusing Apple, Oracle and Microsoft of trying to take down Android through patent litigation, rather than innovating and competing with better products and services. Google has developed several variations of Android for specific use cases, including Android Wear, later renamed Wear OS , for wearable devices such as wrist watches, [] [] Android TV for televisions, [] [] and Android Things for smart devices and Internet of things.

The open and customizable nature of Android allows device makers to use it on other electronics as well, including laptops, netbooks , [] [] and desktop computers, [] cameras, [] headphones, [] home automation systems, game consoles, [] media players, [] satellites, [] routers , [] printers , [] payment terminals , [] automated teller machines , [] and robots.

In , Google demonstrated "Android Home", a home automation technology which uses Android to control a range of household devices including light switches, power sockets and thermostats. Google, he said, was thinking more ambitiously and the intention was to use their position as a cloud services provider to bring Google products into customers' homes. Parrot unveiled an Android-based car stereo system known as Asteroid in , [] followed by a successor, the touchscreen-based Asteroid Smart, in In December , one reviewer commented that Android's notification system is "vastly more complete and robust than in most environments" and that Android is "absolutely usable" as one's primary desktop operating system.

The software is available for developers, and was released in The mascot of Android is a green android robot , as related to the software's name. Although it has no official name, the Android team at Google reportedly call it "Bugdroid". It was designed by then-Google graphic designer Irina Blok on November 5, when Android was announced. Contrary to reports that she was tasked with a project to create an icon, [] Blok confirmed in an interview that she independently developed it and made it open source.

The robot design was initially not presented to Google, but it quickly became commonplace in the Android development team, with various different variations of it created by the developers there who liked the figure, as it was free under a Creative Commons license. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Android disambiguation. Free and open-source operating system for mobile devices, developed by Google. Android 10 home screen with Pixel Launcher. Apache License 2. See also: Android version history.

Latest and greatest

See also: List of features in Android. See also: Android software development and Google Play. See also: Android hardware requirements. Main article: Usage share of operating systems. Old version. Older version, still maintained. Latest version. Latest preview version.

Future release. Further information: Smartphone patent wars and Patent troll. Main article: Oracle v. Main article: European Union vs. A giant Android mascot at Googleplex in Free and open-source software portal Computer programming portal. Open Hub. October 25, Archived from the original on December 14, Retrieved December 15, Android Developers Blog. Archived from the original on March 5, Retrieved March 11, The Verge. Archived from the original on August 22, Retrieved September 5, Internationalization Multi-locale support [.. This enables Apps to better support and understanding your language preferences even if your devices lacks official support for it.

Archived from the original on December 3, Archived from the original on January 21, Archived from the original on March 14, Archived from the original on March 4, Android Source. Archived from the original on December 15, And Does It Even Matter? Retrieved October 21, GMS is only available through a license with Google [..

Radar isn't what makes face unlock work

Retrieved January 22, August 18, Archived from the original on March 13, Retrieved March 12, Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg L. Archived from the original on February 5, PC World. International Data Group. Archived from the original on May 10, Retrieved May 9, Vox Media.

Archived from the original on April 29, Business Insider. Axel Springer SE. Archived from the original on May 20, Archived from the original on March 19, The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 6, Archived from the original on March 12, August 2, The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 29, Retrieved July 24, The Record Bergen County. Retrieved February 21, And don't hold your breath, but the same cell phone-obsessed tech watchers say it won't be long before Google jumps headfirst into the phone biz. Phone, anyone? Archived from the original on February 11, Archived from the original on March 25, Archived from the original on June 23, Android Police.

Open Handset Alliance. November 5, Archived from the original on March 9, Archived from the original on June 22, Official Google Blog. Archived from the original on March 17, Knowingly, Corp. July 3, The Indian Express. Indian Express Limited. Ars Technica. Archived from the original on June 24, Archived from the original on December 26, Archived from the original on November 29, The Inquirer. Incisive Media. The Guardian.


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Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on January 14, Android Central.